India and the Dynamics of Socialism in the Global Order by Dr Deepa Kansra

Excerpts from Preface to “India and the Dynamics of Socialism in the Global Order “(Authors Press 2012) by Dr Deepa Kansra

Over the years man has come to accept the necessity of law for establishing a socially viable system. If one may say, the law is cherished because of its commitment to certain objectives and ideologies. An ideology reflects a set of ideas or beliefs that get entrenched in the thought process of the society or law it affects. The solidarity and strength of a social and legal system primarily would depend on the ideology, whether political or religious, governing it. This book is an attempt to explore the relevance and presence of the socialist ideology in the Indian politics and world politics today.

This book India and the Dynamics of Socialism in the Global Order explores the working of the Indian democracy committed to the socialist ideals of reform, justice, equality and humanism, coupled with a thought provoking critique of changing power-politics under the auspices of a Constitution.

The first chapter Understanding Socialism reflects upon the true essence of the socialist ideology. The various segments of the chapter deal with (a) an historical insight into the development of socialism as a major political force (b) a brief understanding of socialism in specific reference to democracy, capitalism, colonialism and humanism (c) an analysis as to why the values in the form of equality, justice, peace and reform have come to be attached to the socialist ideology (d) the definition of power in a socialist democracy in reference to the experiences of the former Soviet Union, and (e) the basic features of a socialist democracy working under the auspices of a Constitution.

The second chapter A Tale of India’s Socialism is dealing specifically with the working of the socialist ideology under the Indian Constitution. The chapter gives an overview of the presence and impact of socialism in the Indian legal discourse post-independence. For the sake of clarity the chapter has been divided into three phases; (a) The phase identified with a clash between the legislative process of reforms and the judicial discourse of review, in light of the traditional interpretation to socialist reforms. (b) The second phase explores the trends of liberalization and privatization with the adoption of a new economic policy in 1991. The segment also traces liberalism and free marketism as a source of frustration, socio-economic alienation and state violence within the Indian discourse. (c) The third phase gives a critical insight into the expansion of judicial power in the realm of policy considerations. It traces the rationales for the perpetuation of power tendencies that are likely to come heavily upon the solidarity of the democratic set up and its activity.

The third chapter Modern Day Democracy provides a critical insight into the realm of democratic reform and deliberation. In the backdrop of practical issues debated for reform in India, the idea is to ascertain the viability of a law’s activity towards reform and progress in the absence of clear or accepted ideological motivations. More specifically, the chapter tests (a) the moral legitimacy of the courts to entertain pertinent questions on property, political liberties in the backdrop of the disturbed legal and social affairs (b) the increasing presence of civil society deliberations in demand for political and social inclusion.

The fourth chapter Globalization and Re-emergence of Socialism highlights the motivations of international law in offering alternative models of governance. The pressing of democratization or the promotion of democracy as a right of all societies at is seen as an endeavor to establish neo-liberalism or free-marketism. This segment reflects upon the basic contradiction in the concept of welfare in the liberal model and the socialist model. The idea is to recognize the dangers associated with the importation of ideas without addressing their logical existence within the a particular legal discourse or the constitutional creed. The chapter also provides a brief collective of post colonial thought, posed as the strongest literary critique to neo-colonialism or globalization.

With this brief attempt at discussing socialism, the book seeks to underline the immense potential in the socialist ideology for its utopian vision of mankind even in the times of democratic crisis. Whether or not there is express recognition or visible impact of the socialist ideology on the processes of law, power and politics in India today, the book provokes a moral response to the spirit of the Indian Constitution. That behind its formal structure and existence, the Constitution’s ideological tone plays a significant role in the governance of the country. With no predicaments, we cannot but glorify the commitment of the Constitution to itself as an epitome of socialist humanism.


The book is available at